Stability of βMnOOH and manganese oxide deposition from springwater

Water Resources Research
By: , and 



Beta MnOOH is precipitated preferentially (with respect to Mn3O4) at temperatures near O°C when Mn2+ is oxidized in aerated aqueous solutions. Upon aging in solutions open to the atmosphere a slurry of βMnOOH tends to disproportionate to form MnO2 and Mn2+. In such aged solutions, Mn2+ and H+ activities can be constant, and both the oxidation reaction Mn2++¼O2(aq) + 3/2H2O → βMnOOH (c) + 2H+ and the disproportionate reaction 2βMnOOH (c) + 2H+ → MnO2(c) + Mn2+ + 2H2O can have positive reaction affinities. It is not possible for both reactions to be in thermodynamic equilibrium in the same system unless oxygen is almost completely absent. A value for ΔGf0 of −129.8±0.6 kcal/mol was obtained for βMnOOH from experimental data by assuming that the reaction affinity for the oxidation reaction is equal to that for the disproportionation. A value for ΔGf0 for βMnOOH of −129.8±0.5 kcal/mol was determined by measuring the redox potentials for the postulated half-reaction MnO2 (c) + H+ + e → βMnOOH (c) at 0°, 5°, and 15°C and extrapolating to 25°C. Both these values are consistent with laboratory observations that βMnOOH is less stable than γMnOOH or Mn3O4 at 25°C. Analytical data for manganese-depositing springwater samples are consistent with a nonequilibrium model involving disproportionation of either βMnOOH or Mn3O4.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Stability of βMnOOH and manganese oxide deposition from springwater
Series title Water Resources Research
DOI 10.1029/WR018i003p00563
Volume 18
Issue 3
Year Published 1982
Language English
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Description 8 p.
First page 563
Last page 570
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