A comparison of creepmeter records from nine sites along a 12-km segment of the Calaveras fault near Hollister, California and long-baseline strain changes for nine lines in the Hollister multiwavelength distance-measuring (MWDM) array has established that episodes of large-scale deformation both preceded and accompanied periods of creep activity monitored along the fault trace during 1976. A concept of episodic, deep-seated aseismic slip that contributes to loading and subsequent aseismic failure of shallow parts of the fault plane seems attractive, implying that the character of aseismic slip sensed along the surface trace may be restricted to a relatively shallow (~ 1-km) region on the fault plane. Preliminary results from simple dislocation models designed to test the concept demonstrate that extending the time-histories and amplitudes of creep events sensed along the fault trace to depths of up to 10 km on the fault plane cannot simulate adequately the character and amplitudes of large-scale episodic movements observed at points more than 1 km from the fault. Properties of a 2-3-km-thick layer of unconsolidated sediments present in Hollister Valley, combined with an essentially rigid-block behavior in buried basement blocks, might be employed in the formulation of more appropriate models that could predict patterns of shallow fault creep and large-scale displacements much more like those actually observed. ?? 1979.
Additional publication details
A comparison of long-baseline strain data and fault creep records obtained near Hollister, California