Possible precipitation of ice at low latitudes of Mars during periods of high obliquity

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Most of the old cratered highlands of Mars are dissected by branching river valleys that appear to have been cut by running water1,2 yet liquid water is unstable everywhere on the martian surface. In the equatorial region, where most of the valleys are observed, even ice is unstable3,4. It has been suggested, therefore, that Mars had an early denser atmosphere with sufficient greenhouse warming to allow the existence of liquid water 5. Here, we suggest instead that during periods of very high obliquities, ice could accumulate at low latitudes as a result of sustained sublimation of ice from the poles and transport of the water vapour equatorwards. At low latitudes, the water vapour would saturate the atmosphere and condense onto the surface where it would accumulate until lower obliquities prevailed. The mechanism is efficient only at the very high obliquities that occurred before formation of Tharsis very early in the planet's history, but limited equatorial ice accumulation could also have occurred at the highest obliquities during the rest of the planet's history. Partial melting of the ice could have provided runoff to form the channels or replenish the groundwater system. ?? 1985 Nature Publishing Group.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Possible precipitation of ice at low latitudes of Mars during periods of high obliquity
Series title Nature
DOI 10.1038/315559a0
Volume 315
Issue 6020
Year Published 1985
Language English
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Nature
First page 559
Last page 561
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