Culturing experiments in chemically defined growth media were conducted to observe possible Zn and P interactions on Selenastrum capricornutum Printz growth indexes. Elevated Zn concentrations (7.5 ?? 10-8 and 1.5 ?? 10-7 M [Zn2+]) were highly detrimental to algal growth, affecting lag, exponential, and stationary growth phases. P behaved as a yield-limiting nutrient with maximum cell densities increasing linearly with total P. This yield limitation was intensified at elevated Zn concentrations. Although calculated cellular phosphorus concentrations increased markedly with Zn ion activity, elevated Zn concentrations had no apparent effect on rates of phosphorus uptake estimated for Selenastrum during exponential growth. Results indicated that P-Zn interactions were significant in describing Selenastrum cell yield results and are consistent with previous Zn studies on chlorophytes. These P-Zn interactions and the observed inhibitory growth effects of submicromolar Zn concentrations suggest that in nature an apparent P yield-limiting condition may result from elevated Zn concentrations.
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Phosphorus-zinc interactive effects on growth by Selenastrum capricornutum (chlorophyta)