Ferromanganese crust resources in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans

By: , and 



Ferromanganese crusts on raised areas of the ocean floor have joined abyssal manganese nodules and hydrothermal sulfides as potential marine resources. Significant volumes of cobalt-rich (about 1% Co) crusts have been identified to date within the US Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the Central Pacific: in the NW Hawaiian Ridge and Seamount region and in the seamounts in the Johnston Island and Palmyra Island regions. Large volumes of lower grade crusts, slabs, and nodules are also present in shallow ( greater than 1000 m) waters on the Blake plateau, off Florida-South Carolina in the Atlantic Ocean. Data on ferromanganese crusts have been increased by recent German and USGS cruises, but are still sparse, and other regions having crust potential are under current investigation. The authors discuss economic potentials for cobalt-rich crusts in the Central Pacific and Western North Atlantic oceans, with special reference to US EEZ areas. Additional research is needed before more quantitative resource estimates can be made.

Additional publication details

Publication type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Title Ferromanganese crust resources in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
DOI 10.1109/OCEANS.1984.1152203
Year Published 1984
Language English
Publisher IEEE
Publisher location New York, NY, USA
Contributing office(s) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 10 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Conference publication
Larger Work Title Oceans '84 : Conference record : Industry, government, education - Designs for the future
First page 421
Last page 430
Conference Title Oceans '84 Conference & Exposition, Conference Record: Industry, Government, Education, Designs for the Future.
Conference Location Washington, DC
Conference Date September 10-12, 1984
Other Geospatial Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean
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