A mineral survey of the Weminuche Wilderness, Colorado was conducted. Although little mineral production has been recorded in the area, it borders several highly productive mining districts and mineral deposits probably exist within parts of the wilderness. Within and near the wilderness, evidence of substantiated mineral-resource potential was found in the following four areas: (1) the Needle Mountains mining district, in the southwestern part of the wilderness, (2) Whitehead Gulch, in the northwestern part of the wilderness, (3) the Beartown mining district, along the north margin of the wilderness, and (4) the Trout Creek-Middle Fork Piedra River area, in and adjacent to the northeastern part of the wilderness. Of the four areas, the Needle Mountains mining district has the most promise for significant mineral resources, particularly of molydenum and uranium. A probable oil and gas resource potential exists in the eastern half of the area in traps in sedimentary rocks under volcanic cover.