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Near-infrared reflectance spectra of mixtures of kaolin-group minerals: Use in clay mineral studies

Clays and Clay Minerals

By:
and
https://doi.org/10.1346/CCMN.1988.0360404

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Abstract

Near-infrared (NIR) reflectance spectra for mixtures of ordered kaolinite and ordered dickite have been found to simulate the spectral response of disordered kaolinite. The amount of octahedral vacancy disorder in nine disordered kaolinite samples was estimated by comparing the sample spectra to the spectra of reference mixtures. The resulting estimates are consistent with previously published estimates of vacancy disorder for similar kaolin minerals that were modeled from calculated X-ray diffraction patterns. The ordered kaolinite and dickite samples used in the reference mixtures were carefully selected to avoid undesirable particle size effects that could bias the spectral results.

NIR spectra were also recorded for laboratory mixtures of ordered kaolinite and halloysite to assess whether the spectra could be potentially useful for determining mineral proportions in natural physical mixtures of these two clays. Although the kaolinite-halloysite proportions could only be roughly estimated from the mixture spectra, the halloysite component was evident even when halloysite was present in only minor amounts. A similar approach using NIR spectra for laboratory mixtures may have applications in other studies of natural clay mixtures.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Near-infrared reflectance spectra of mixtures of kaolin-group minerals: Use in clay mineral studies
Series title:
Clays and Clay Minerals
DOI:
10.1346/CCMN.1988.0360404
Volume:
36
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1988
Language:
English
Publisher:
The Clay Mineral Society
Description:
7 p.
First page:
310
Last page:
316