Centrifugation, settling/centrifugation, and backflush-filtration procedures have been tested for the concentration of suspended sediment from water for subsequent trace-metal analysis. Either of the first two procedures is comparable with in-line filtration and can be carried out precisely, accurately, and with a facility that makes the procedures amenable to large-scale sampling and analysis programs. There is less potential for post-sampling alteration of suspended sediment-associated metal concentrations with the centrifugation procedure because sample stabilization is accomplished more rapidly than with settling/centrifugation. Sample preservation can be achieved by chilling. Suspended sediment associated metal levels can best be determined by direct analysis but can also be estimated from the difference between a set of unfiltered-digested and filtered subsamples. However, when suspended sediment concentrations (<150 mg/L) or trace-metal levels are low, the direct analysis approach makes quantitation more accurate and precise and can be accomplished with simpler analytical procedures.
Additional publication details
Comparison of methods for the concentration of suspended sediment in river water for subsequent chemical analysis