The chemical and isotopic compositions of hot springs in the San Marcos region of Guatemala are internally consistent with a hydrologic model in which a deep 240??C reservoir and one or more shallow 195-200??C reservoirs are present. Variations in hot-spring water compositions results from a combination of boiling, mixing with cold, dilute water, and chemical re-equilibration with decreasing temperature. The recharge water for the deep 240??C reservoir is isotopically heavier than the local meteoric water and probably comes from many kilometers to the west or southwest. The water in the shallow reservoir is a mixture of the 240??C water with about 20 ?? 5% of cold, locally derived meteoric water. After mixing, the water in the shallow reservoir re-equilibrates with reservoir rock at 195-200??C. In some places additional mixing with cold water occurs after water leaves the shallow reservoir. ?? 1986.
Additional publication details
Geochemical evaluation of the geothermal resources in the San Marcos region, Guatemala