The modification of an estuary

By: , and 



The San Francisco Bay estuary has been rapidly modified by human activity. Diking and filling of most of its wetlands have eliminated habitats for fish and waterfowl; the introduction of exotic species has transformed the composition of its aquatic communities; reduction of freshwater inflow by more than half has changed the dynamics of its plant and animal communities; and wastes have contaminated its sediments and organisms. Continued disposal of toxic wastes, the probable further reduction in freshwater inflow, and the possible synergy between the two provide the potential for further alteration of the estuary's water quality and biotic communities.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The modification of an estuary
Series title Science
DOI 10.1126/science.231.4738.567
Volume 231
Issue 4738
Year Published 1986
Language English
Publisher Science
Contributing office(s) California Water Science Center, San Francisco Bay-Delta, Toxic Substances Hydrology Program, Pacific Regional Director's Office
Description 7 p.
First page 567
Last page 573
Country United States
State California
Other Geospatial San Francisco Bay
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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