To test the hypothesis that siliciclastic rocks constituted the major source of Pb and Ba in barite-galena deposits of the Taconic Orogen, we determined Pb-isotope ratios in galena, barren rocks and contained minerals, as well as concentrations of Pb, U, Th and Ba in the latter (detrital feldspars, sandstones, mudstones, rock clasts and carbonate cements and clasts). Ranges in 206Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb of 28 galena samples are 17.96-18.05, 15.56-15.59 and 37.75-37.93, respectively; ranges for 41 barren rocks and minerals are 16.17-23.31, 15.26-15.86 and 35.98-42.51, respectively. The lowest ratios are in feldspar, and the highest in carbonate and mudstone. Values of the mudstones samples overlap those of galena when corrected for in situ decay of U and Th since galena precipitation (???450 Ma). We thus propose that mudstones constituted a source of lead. Corrected ratios for anomalously Pb-rich mudstones are virtually identical to galena-Pb ratios and may be due to contamination by lead-bearing brines. Assuming that burial diagenesis did not disturb the Pb-isotope values of sandstones, these rocks contributed only a minor fraction of lead to the galena, estimated at ???20% for one deposit. The source of barite-Ba was probably perthite. Low Ba and Pb concentrations of sandstone adjacent to this deposit, compared to high concentrations remote from it, support leaching of barium (and minor lead) from feldspar penecontemporaneous with feldspar dissolution. Geological data indicate that the provenance of the siliciclastic rocks was mainly from Grenville terrane. A comparison of our Pb-isotopic data for Taconic perthite with those of Grenville K-feldspar, as well as ratios of trace elements, support this provenance for both sandstones and mudstones. The presence of carbonate platforms peripheral to the orogen, and the Middle Ordovician-Middle Devonian depositional range of the studied and Mississippi Valley type deposits north (Newfoundland) and south (U.S.A. Appalachians) of our study area suggest targets for exploration in these platforms. ?? 1994.