The feasibility of recharge rate determinations using the steady-state centrifuge method
The establishment of steady unsaturated flow in a centrifuge permits accurate measurement of small values of hydraulic conductivity (K). This method can provide a recharge determination if it is applied to an unsaturated core sample from a depth at which gravity alone drives the flow. A K value determined at the in situ water content indicates the long-term average recharge rate at a point. Tests of this approach have been made at two sites. Unsaturated K values were measured easily for sandy core samples from a site in the San Joaquin Valley of California. The results indicate that a better knowledge of the matric pressure profiles is required before a recharge rate can be determined. Fine-textured cores from a site in southeastern Washington required new developments of apparatus and procedures, especially for making centrifuge measurements with minimal compaction of the samples. Measured K values led to preliminary recharge rate determinations that are reasonable considering the known hydrology and topography of the site.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||The feasibility of recharge rate determinations using the steady-state centrifuge method|
|Series title||Soil Science Society of America Journal|
|Contributing office(s)||Toxic Substances Hydrology Program|
|Google Analytics Metrics||Metrics page|