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Subsurface temperatures and geothermal gradients on the north slope of Alaska

Cold Regions Science and Technology
By: , and 

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Abstract

On the North Slope of Alaska, geothermal gradient data are available from high-resolution, equilibrated well-bore surveys and from estimates based on well-log identification of the base of ice-bearing permafrost. A total of 46 North Slope wells, considered to be in or near thermal equilibrium, have been surveyed with high-resolution temperatures devices and geothermal gradients can be interpreted directly from these recorded temperature profiles. To augment the limited North Slope temperature data base, a new method of evaluating local geothermal gradients has been developed. In this method, a series of well-log picks for the base of the ice-bearing permafrost from 102 wells have been used, along with regional temperature constants derived from the high-resolution stabilized well-bore temperature surveys, to project geothermal gradients. Geothermal gradients calculated from the high-resolution temperature surveys generally agree with those projected from known ice-bearing permafrost depths over most of the North Slope. Values in the ice-bearing permafrost range from ??? 1.5??C 100 m in the Prudhoe Bay area to ??? 4.5??C 100 m in the east-central portion of the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska. Geothermal gradients below the ice-bearing permafrost sequence range from ??? 1.6??C 100 m to ??? 5.2??C 100 m. ?? 1993.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Subsurface temperatures and geothermal gradients on the north slope of Alaska
Series title Cold Regions Science and Technology
Volume 21
Issue 3
Year Published 1993
Language English
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Cold Regions Science and Technology
First page 275
Last page 293