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Grazing trails formed by soldier fly larvae (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) and their paleoenvironmental and paleoecological implications for the fossil record

Ichnos: An International Journal for Plant and Animal Traces

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https://doi.org/10.1080/10420949609380124

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Abstract

Recent trails formed by soldier fly larvae (Díptera: Stratiomyidae) were examined in a shallow pond in the floodplain of a braided river in Jujuy Province, northwestern Argentina. Collected specimens were identified as Stratiomys convexa van der Wulp. Simple, irregularly meandering trails were produced across the surface of a muddy‐silty substrate. Since soldier fly larvae extend their caudal respiratory tube to the water‐air interface, they are restricted to extremely shallow water. The presence of benthic algal remains within the mouthparts of the larvae suggests a feeding habit of algal grazing. If preserved, these trails would be included in the ichno‐genus Helminthopsis, a common element in ancient freshwater ichno‐faunas. Helminthopsis preserved in pond and lacustrine margin deposits younger than Late Jurassic is regarded as one possible trace fossil analogue of the trails documented herein. Additionally, it is suggested that larvae of many aquatic Diptera with similar ecologic restrictions are potential tracemakers of Helminthopsis and other simple trails in these environments, particularly in post‐Paleozoic deposits. Studies of modern shallow aquatic habitats and reex‐amination of the ichnologic record stress the importance of fly larvae as tracemakers in lake margin and pond ecosystems. Ecologic requirements of soldier fly larvae make them inappropriate analogues of Helminthopsis tracemakers in deeper water, lacustrine settings.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Grazing trails formed by soldier fly larvae (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) and their paleoenvironmental and paleoecological implications for the fossil record
Series title:
Ichnos: An International Journal for Plant and Animal Traces
DOI:
10.1080/10420949609380124
Volume:
4
Issue:
3
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Description:
5 p.
First page:
163
Last page:
167