Gravity field over the Sea of Galilee: Evidence for a composite basin along a transform fault

Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
By: , and 



The Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret) is located at the northern portion of the Kinneret-Bet Shean basin, in the northern Dead Sea transform. Three hundred kilometers of continuous marine gravity data were collected in the lake and integrated with land gravity data to a distance of more than 20 km around the lake. Analyses of the gravity data resulted in a free-air anomaly map, a variable density Bouguer anomaly map, and a horizontal first derivative map of the Bouguer anomaly. These maps, together with gravity models of profiles across the lake and the area south of it, were used to infer the geometry of the basins in this region and the main faults of the transform system. The Sea of Galilee can be divided into two units. The southern half is a pull-apart that extends to the Kinarot Valley, south of the lake, whereas the northern half was formed by rotational opening and transverse normal faults. The deepest part of the basinal area is located well south of the deepest bathymetric depression. This implies that the northeastern part of the lake, where the bathymetry is the deepest, is a young feature that is actively subsiding now. The pull-apart basin is almost symmetrical in the southern part of the lake and in the Kinarot Valley south of the lake. This suggests that the basin here is bounded by strike-slip faults on both sides. The eastern boundary fault extends to the northern part of the lake, while the western fault does not cross the northern part. The main factor controlling the structural complexity of this area is the interaction of the Dead Sea transform with a subperpendicular fault system and rotated blocks.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Gravity field over the Sea of Galilee: Evidence for a composite basin along a transform fault
Series title Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
DOI 10.1029/95JB03043
Volume 101
Issue 1
Year Published 1996
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 12 p.
First page 533
Last page 544
Country Israel
Other Geospatial Sea of Galilee
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional metadata about this publication, not found in other parts of the page is in this table