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Iron and manganese oxide mineralization in the Pacific

Manganese mineralization: geochemistry and mineralogy of terrestrial and marine deposits

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, , , , , , and

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Abstract

Iron, manganese, and iron-manganese deposits occur in nearly all geomorphologic and tectonic environments in the ocean basins and form by one or more of four processes: (1) hydrogenetic precipitation from cold ambient seawater, (2) precipitation from hydrothermal fluids, (3) precipitation from sediment pore waters that have been modified from bottom water compositions by diagenetic reactions in the sediment column and (4) replacement of rocks and sediment. These processes are discussed.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Iron and manganese oxide mineralization in the Pacific
Series title:
Manganese mineralization: geochemistry and mineralogy of terrestrial and marine deposits
Year Published:
1997
Language:
English
Publisher:
Geological Society
Publisher location:
London; Special Publication, 119
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Manganese mineralization: geochemistry and mineralogy of terrestrial and marine deposits
First page:
123
Last page:
138