ICBMs and the environment: Assessments at a base in Kazakhstan

Post-Soviet Geography and Economics
By:  and 


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A paper by two U.S. scientists explores the environmental/health hazard posed by abandoned missile launch sites and control facilities (dismantled by 1998 as part of the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program) at an ICBM base in north-central Kazakhstan. It summarizes the findings of Environmental Site Assessment Reports based on a program of water and soil sampling at the sites, with a particular focus on testing for the presence of polychlorinated biphenyls, various toxic metals, and radiation. The study is important in that it documents levels of contamination (and describes abatement measures) at a former Soviet missile base.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title ICBMs and the environment: Assessments at a base in Kazakhstan
Series title Post-Soviet Geography and Economics
Volume 40
Issue 8
Year Published 1999
Language English
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Post-Soviet Geography and Economics
First page 617
Last page 628