Humic substances as a mediator for microbially catalyzed metal reduction

Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica
By: , and 



The potential for humic substances to serve as a terminal electron acceptor in microbial respiration and to function as an electron shuttle between Fe(III)‐reducing microorganisms and insoluble Fe(III) oxides was investigated. The Fe(III)‐reducing microorganism Geobacter metallireducens conserved energy to support growth from electron transport to humics as evidenced by continued oxidation of acetate to carbon dioxide after as many as nine transfers in a medium with acetate as the electron donor and soil humic acids as the electron acceptor. Growth of G. metallireducens with poorly crystalline Fe(III) oxide as the electron acceptor was greatly stimulated by the addition of as little as 100 μM of the humics analog, anthraquinone‐2,6‐disulfonate. Other quinones investigated, including lawsone, menadione, and anthraquinone‐2‐sulfonate, also stimulated Fe(III) oxide reduction. A wide phylogenetic diversity of microorganisms capable of Fe(III) reduction were also able to transfer electrons to humics. Microorganisms which can not reduce Fe(III) could not reduce humics. Humics stimulated the reduction of structural Fe(III) in clay and the crystalline Fe(III) forms, goethite and hematite. These results demonstrate that electron shuttling between Fe(III)‐reducing microorganisms and Fe(III) via humics not only accelerates the microbial reduction of poorly crystalline Fe(III) oxide, but also can facilitate the reduction of Fe(III) forms that are not typically reduced by microorganisms in the absence of humics. Addition of humic substances to enhance electron shuttling between Fe(III)‐reducing microorganisms and Fe(III) oxides may be a useful strategy to stimulate the remediation of soils and sediments contaminated with organic or metal pollutants.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Humic substances as a mediator for microbially catalyzed metal reduction
Series title Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica
DOI 10.1002/(SICI)1521-401X(199805)26:3<152::AID-AHEH152>3.0.CO;2-D
Volume 26
Issue 3
Year Published 1998
Language English
Publisher WIley
Contributing office(s) Toxic Substances Hydrology Program
Description 6 p.
First page 152
Last page 157
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