Bottlenecks and multiple introductions: Population genetics of the vector of avian malaria in Hawaii

Molecular Ecology
By: , and 



Avian malaria has had a profound impact on the demographics and behaviour of Hawaiian forest birds since its vector, Culex quinquefasciatusthe southern house mosquito, was first introduced to Hawaii around 1830. In order to understand the dynamics of the disease in Hawaii and gain insights into the evolution of vector-mediated parasite–host interactions in general we studied the population genetics of Cx. quinquefasciatus in the Hawaiian Islands. We used both microsatellite and mitochondrial loci. Not surprisingly we found that mosquitoes in Midway, a small island in the Western group, are quite distinct from the populations in the main Hawaiian Islands. However, we also found that in general mosquito populations are relatively isolated even among the main islands, in particular between Hawaii (the Big Island) and the remaining Hawaiian Islands. We found evidence of bottlenecks among populations within the Big Island and an excess of alleles in Maui, the site of the original introduction. The mitochondrial diversity was typically low but higher than expected. The current distribution of mitochondrial haplotypes combined with the microsatellite information lead us to conclude that there have been several introductions and to speculate on some processes that may be responsible for the current population genetics of vectors of avian malaria in Hawaii.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Bottlenecks and multiple introductions: Population genetics of the vector of avian malaria in Hawaii
Series title Molecular Ecology
DOI 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2000.01070.x
Volume 9
Issue 11
Year Published 2000
Language English
Publisher Blackwell Science
Description 12 p.
First page 1803
Last page 1814
Country United States
State Hawai'i
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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