The Midway sequence is an assemblage of subaerially deposited clastic and volcanic rocks that forms a narrow wedge within Neoarchean greenstone of the western Wawa subprovince of the Superior Province. Volcanic conglomerate in the Midway sequence contains clasts of stratigraphically older greenstone, together with clasts of a distinctive hornblende-phyric trachyandesite that is not represented among the older greenstone flows. The trachyandesite forms flows and pyroclastic units that are interbedded with lenticular deposits of volcanic conglomerate in a manner interpreted to indicate approximately coeval volcanism and alluvial fan - Fluvial sedimentation within a linear, restricted, and tectonically active depocentre. The Midway sequence unconformably overlies greenstone on one side and is bounded by a regional-scale, strike-slip fault on the other. Structural analyses show that the Midway sequence was deposited after an early, precleavage folding event (D1) in greenstone, but before the regional metamorphic cleavage-forming D2 deformation. Lithologic and structural attributes are consistent with deposition in a strike-slip "pull-apart" basin. The stratigraphic and structural characteristics of the Midway sequence are generally similar to those of the Timiskaming Group and Timiskaming-type rocks in Canada, and more specifically to those of the Shebandowan Group in the Thunder Bay district. This similarity implies that the latest Archean tectonic and magmatic history of the western Wawa subprovince may have been nearly synchronous over great distances.
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The Midway sequence: A Timiskaming-type, pull-apart basin deposit in the western Wawa subprovince, Minnesota