Profiles of 4He in pore water were measured in clay aquitards in SW Ontario. The 4He distributions are consistent with groundwater velocities that are <6 mm yr−1, and thus diffusion is the dominant transport mechanism for 4He. Modeling indicates that the effective diffusion coefficient for 4He is 6.3 ± 1.6 × 10−6 cm2 s−1. Furthermore, the profiles are consistent with the internal release of 4He from aquitard sediments at a rate of 0.03–0.13 μcc(STP) kg−1 yr−1. These rates are also consistent with laboratory release experiments and, on average, are 600 times greater than the production of 4He from U/Th decay. Modeling and the ratio of 21Ne to 4He within the sediments indicate that although the aquitards were deposited about 13 kA BP, the sediments released >70% of initial 4He for 50 to 60 kA prior to incorporation into the till.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Radiogenic helium in shallow groundwater within a clay till, southwestern Ontario|
|Series title||Water Resources Research|
|Publisher||American Geophysical Union|
|Description||Article 1331; 12 p.|