Using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) to assess the toxicity and teratogenicity of aquatic amphibian habitats

ASTM Special Technical Publication STP1443
By:  and 
Edited by: Gregory L. LinderS. KrestDon Sparling, and Edward Little

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Abstract

Environmental contamination has been suspected of being partially responsible for recent declines in amphibian populations. It is often not feasible to identify all of the compounds in an environment, nor the concentrations in which they are present. SPMDs are passive sampling devices that uptake lipophilic compounds from the environment in a manner similar to aquatic organisms. The extracts from the SPMDs, therefore, contain a composite sample of the compounds that are present in the environment. In this paper, we outline the methods from studies in which we have used extracts from SPMDs in toxicity tests on amphibian larvae. Using SPMD extracts makes it possible to establish potential links between amphibian deformities and declines and environmental contamination by lipophilic compounds.

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Organization Series
Title Using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) to assess the toxicity and teratogenicity of aquatic amphibian habitats
Series title ASTM Special Technical Publication
Series number STP1443
ISBN 978-0-8031-3464-5
DOI 10.1520/STP11181S
Year Published 2003
Language English
Publisher ASTM International
Contributing office(s) Columbia Environmental Research Center
Description 10 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype Organization Series
Larger Work Title Multiple stressor effects in relation to declining amphibian populations (STP1443)
First page 159
Last page 168
Conference Title Multiple Stressor Effects in Relation to Declining Amphibian Populations
Conference Location Pittsburgh, PA
Conference Date April 16-17, 2002