Are corticosterone levels a good indicator of food availability and reproductive performance in a kittiwake colony?

Hormones and Behavior
By: , and 



We evaluated the use of corticosterone to gauge forage availability and predict reproductive performance in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) breeding in Alaska during 1999 and 2000. We modeled the relationship between baseline levels of corticosterone and a suite of individual and temporal characteristics of the sampled birds. We also provided supplemental food to a sample of pairs and compared their corticosterone levels with that of pairs that were not fed. Corticosterone levels were a good predictor of forage availability in some situations, although inconsistencies between corticosterone levels and reproductive performance of fed and unfed kittiwakes suggested that this was not always the case. In general, higher corticosterone levels were found in birds that lacked breeding experience and in birds sampled shortly after arriving from their wintering grounds. All parameters investigated, however, explained only a small proportion of the variance in corticosterone levels. We also investigated whether corticosterone, supplemental feeding, year of the study, breeding experience, body weight, and sex of a bird were able to predict laying, hatching, and fledging success in kittiwakes. Here, breeding experience, year of the study, and body weight were the best predictors of a bird’s performance. Corticosterone level and supplemental feeding were good predictors of kittiwake reproductive performance in some cases. For example, corticosterone levels of birds sampled during the arrival stage reliably predicted laying success, but were less reliable at predicting hatching and fledging success. Counts of active nests with eggs or chicks may be more reliable estimates of the actual productivity of the colony. Supplemental feeding had strong effects on kittiwake productivity when natural forage was poor, but had little effect when natural forage was plentiful.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Are corticosterone levels a good indicator of food availability and reproductive performance in a kittiwake colony?
Series title Hormones and Behavior
DOI 10.1016/S0018-506X(03)00030-8
Volume 43
Issue 4
Year Published 2003
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center Biology MFEB
Description 14 p.
First page 489
Last page 502
Country United States
State Alaska
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details