A definitive calibration record for the Landsat-5 thematic mapper anchored to the Landsat-7 radiometric scale

Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing
By: , and 



A coordinated effort on the part of several agencies has led to the specification of a definitive radiometric calibration record for the Landsat-5 thematic mapper (TM) for its lifetime since launch in 1984. The time-dependent calibration record for Landsat-5 TM has been placed on the same radiometric scale as the Landsat-7 enhanced thematic mapper plus (ETM+). It has been implemented in the National Landsat Archive Production Systems (NLAPS) in use in North America. This paper documents the results of this collaborative effort and the specifications for the related calibration processing algorithms. The specifications include (i) anchoring of the Landsat-5 TM calibration record to the Landsat-7 ETM+ absolute radiometric calibration, (ii) new time-dependent calibration processing equations and procedures applicable to raw Landsat-5 TM data, and (iii) algorithms for recalibration computations applicable to some of the existing processed datasets in the North American context. The cross-calibration between Landsat-5 TM and Landsat-7 ETM+ was achieved using image pairs from the tandem-orbit configuration period that was programmed early in the Laridsat-7 mission. The time-dependent calibration for Landsat-5 TM is based on a detailed trend analysis of data from the on-board internal calibrator. The new lifetime radiometric calibration record for Landsat-5 will overcome problems with earlier product generation owing to inadequate maintenance and documentation of the calibration over time and will facilitate the quantitative examination of a continuous, near-global dataset at 30-m scale that spans almost two decades.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title A definitive calibration record for the Landsat-5 thematic mapper anchored to the Landsat-7 radiometric scale
Series title Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing
DOI 10.5589/m04-022
Volume 30
Issue 4
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute
Contributing office(s) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Description 13 p.
First page 631
Last page 643
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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