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Satellite-derived, melt-season surface temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet (2000-2005) and its relationship to mass balance

Geophysical Research Letters

By:
, , , , and
https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026444

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Abstract

Mean, clear-sky surface temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet was measured for each melt season from 2000 to 2005 using Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)–derived land-surface temperature (LST) data-product maps. During the period of most-active melt, the mean, clear-sky surface temperature of the ice sheet was highest in 2002 (−8.29 ± 5.29°C) and 2005 (−8.29 ± 5.43°C), compared to a 6-year mean of −9.04 ± 5.59°C, in agreement with recent work by other investigators showing unusually extensive melt in 2002 and 2005. Surface-temperature variability shows a correspondence with the dry-snow facies of the ice sheet; a reduction in area of the dry-snow facies would indicate a more-negative mass balance. Surface-temperature variability generally increased during the study period and is most pronounced in the 2005 melt season; this is consistent with surface instability caused by air-temperature fluctuations.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Satellite-derived, melt-season surface temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet (2000-2005) and its relationship to mass balance
Series title:
Geophysical Research Letters
DOI:
10.1029/2006GL026444
Volume:
33
Issue:
11
Year Published:
2006
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Contributing office(s):
Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description:
L11501; 5 p.