Mountain hydrology of the western United States

Water Resources Research
By: , and 



Climate change and climate variability, population growth, and land use change drive the need for new hydrologic knowledge and understanding. In the mountainous West and other similar areas worldwide, three pressing hydrologic needs stand out: first, to better understand the processes controlling the partitioning of energy and water fluxes within and out from these systems; second, to better understand feedbacks between hydrological fluxes and biogeochemical and ecological processes; and, third, to enhance our physical and empirical understanding with integrated measurement strategies and information systems. We envision an integrative approach to monitoring, modeling, and sensing the mountain environment that will improve understanding and prediction of hydrologic fluxes and processes. Here extensive monitoring of energy fluxes and hydrologic states are needed to supplement existing measurements, which are largely limited to streamflow and snow water equivalent. Ground‐based observing systems must be explicitly designed for integration with remotely sensed data and for scaling up to basins and whole ranges.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Mountain hydrology of the western United States
Series title Water Resources Research
DOI 10.1029/2005WR004387
Volume 42
Issue 8
Year Published 2006
Language English
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Contributing office(s) San Francisco Bay-Delta, Pacific Regional Director's Office
Description Article W08432; 13 p.
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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