Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids/condensate resources are important for the redevelopment of Afghanistan's infrastructure. Improved living and economic conditions in Afghanistan require increasing the availability of energy particularly by exploitation of Afghanistan's petroleum resources. The four total petroleum systems are subdivided into units with homogeneous geologic traits and exploration efforts that include sufficiently homogeneous field-size populations for resource assessment. The greatest volume of undiscovered crude oil is estimated to be in the Afghanistan Eastern Suprasalt Thrusts and Folds Assessment Unit. The greatest volume of undiscovered natural gas is estimated to be in the Afghanistan Jurassic Evaporite Basin Subsalt Carbonates Assessment Unit.