Selenium impacts on razorback sucker, Colorado River, Colorado: I. Adults

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
By: , and 



Adult razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus) were exposed to various selenium concentrations in ponds and isolated river channels of the Colorado River near Grand Junction, CO, to determine effects on their growth and residue accumulation over an 11-month period. Adults at Horsethief ponds were fed a commercial diet, whereas fish at Adobe Creek channel and North Pond foraged on natural food items. Selenium concentrations at Horsethief were 2.2 μg/L in water, 0.1–1.4 μg/g in sediment, and 2.3–3.1 μg/g in food organisms (1.1 μg/g in commercial fish food), at Adobe Creek were 3.8 μg/L in water, 0.5–2.1 μg/g in sediment, and 4–56 μg/g in food organisms, and at North Pond were 9.5 μg/L in water, 7–55 μg/g in sediment, and 20–81 μg/g in food organisms. The selenium concentrations in muscle plugs from adults at Adobe Creek (11.7 μg/g, SD=0.4, n=6) and North Pond (16.6 μg/g, SD=1.0, n=6) were greater than at Horsethief (4.5 μg/g, SD=0.2, n=6). During a depuration period adults from Adobe Creek and North Pond lost 1–2% of their selenium burden in 32 days and 14–19% in 66 days. Selenium accumulated in razorback sucker above toxic thresholds reported in other studies, yet those residues were less than those reported in muscle plugs of 40% of wild razorback sucker caught in the Green River, Utah.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Selenium impacts on razorback sucker, Colorado River, Colorado: I. Adults
Series title Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2004.07.002
Volume 61
Issue 1
Year Published 2005
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Columbia Environmental Research Center
Description 25 p.
First page 7
Last page 31
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