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The impact of time and field conditions on brown bear (Ursus arctos) faecal DNA amplification

Conservation Genetics

By:
, , , and
DOI:10.1007/s10592-006-9264-0

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Abstract

To establish longevity of faecal DNA samples under varying summer field conditions, we collected 53 faeces from captive brown bears (Ursus arctos) on a restricted vegetation diet. Each faeces was divided, and one half was placed on a warm, dry field site while the other half was placed on a cool, wet field site on Moscow Mountain, Idaho, USA. Temperature, relative humidity, and dew point data were collected on each site, and faeces were sampled for DNA extraction at <1, 3, 6, 14, 30, 45, and 60 days. Faecal DNA sample viability was assessed by attempting PCR amplification of a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) locus (???150 bp) and a nuclear DNA (nDNA) microsatellite locus (180-200 bp). Time in the field, temperature, and dew point impacted mtDNA and nDNA amplification success with the greatest drop in success rates occurring between 1 and 3 days. In addition, genotyping errors significantly increased over time at both field sites. Based on these results, we recommend collecting samples at frequent transect intervals and focusing sampling efforts during drier portions of the year when possible. ?? 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The impact of time and field conditions on brown bear (Ursus arctos) faecal DNA amplification
Series title:
Conservation Genetics
DOI:
10.1007/s10592-006-9264-0
Volume:
8
Issue:
5
Year Published:
2007
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer
Contributing office(s):
Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description:
6 p.
First page:
1219
Last page:
1224
Country:
United States
State:
Wyoming
Other Geospatial:
Grand Teton National Park, Snake River
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N