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Spatial and temporal variability in the amount and source of dissolved organic carbon: Implications for ultraviolet exposure in amphibian habitats

Ecosystems

By:
, , , , , , , , and
DOI:10.1007/s10021-003-0031-5

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Abstract

The amount, chemical composition, and source of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), together with in situ ultraviolet (UV-B) attenuation, were measured at 1–2 week intervals throughout the summers of 1999, 2000, and 2001 at four sites in Rocky Mountain National Park (Colorado). Eight additional sites, four in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park/John Muir Wilderness (California) and four in Glacier National Park (Montana), were sampled during the summer of 2000. Attenuation of UV-B was significantly related to DOC concentrations over the three years in Rocky Mountain (R2 = 0.39, F = 25.71, P < 0.0001) and across all parks in 2000 (R2= 0.44, F = 38.25, P < 0.0001). The relatively low R2 values, however, reflect significant temporal and spatial variability in the specific attenuation per unit DOC. Fluorescence analysis of the fulvic acid DOC fraction (roughly 600–2,000 Daltons) indicated that the source of DOC significantly affected the attenuation of UV-B. Sites in Sequoia–Kings Canyon were characterized by DOC derived primarily from algal sources and showed much deeper UV-B penetration, whereas sites in Glacier and Rocky Mountain contained a mix of algal and terrestrial DOC-dominated sites, with more terrestrially dominated sites characterized by greater UV-B attenuation per unit DOC. In general, site characteristics that promoted the accumulation of terrestrially derived DOC showed greater attenuation of UV-B per unit DOC; however, catchment vegetation and soil characteristics, precipitation, and local hydrology interacted to make it difficult to predict potential exposure from DOC concentrations.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Spatial and temporal variability in the amount and source of dissolved organic carbon: Implications for ultraviolet exposure in amphibian habitats
Series title:
Ecosystems
DOI:
10.1007/s10021-003-0031-5
Volume:
8
Issue:
5
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer
Publisher location:
New York
Contributing office(s):
Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description:
10 p.
First page:
478
Last page:
487
Country:
United States
State:
California, Colorado, Montana
Other Geospatial:
Glacier National Park, Rocky Mountain National Park, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park/John Muir Wilderness
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N