The utility of the seismoelectric method relies on the development of methods to extract the signal of interest from background and source-generated coherent noise that may be several orders-of-magnitude stronger. We compare data processing approaches to develop a sequence of preprocessing and signal/noise separation and to quantify the noise level from which we can extract signal events. Our preferred sequence begins with the removal of power line harmonic noise and the use of frequency filters to minimize random and source-generated noise. Mapping to the linear Radon domain with an inverse process incorporating a sparseness constraint provides good separation of signal from noise, though it is ineffective on noise that shows the same dip as the signal. Similarly, the seismoelectric signal and noise do not separate cleanly in the Fourier domain, so f-k filtering can not remove all of the source-generated noise and it also disrupts signal amplitude patterns. We find that prediction-error filters provide the most effective method to separate signal and noise, while also preserving amplitude information, assuming that adequate pattern models can be determined for the signal and noise. These Radon-domain and prediction-error-filter methods successfully separate signal from <33 dB stronger noise in our test data. ?? 2007 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
Additional publication details
Seismoelectric data processing for surface surveys of shallow targets