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On the application of multilevel modeling in environmental and ecological studies

Ecology

By:
, , , ORCID iD , and
https://doi.org/10.1890/09-1043.1

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Abstract

This paper illustrates the advantages of a multilevel/hierarchical approach for predictive modeling, including flexibility of model formulation, explicitly accounting for hierarchical structure in the data, and the ability to predict the outcome of new cases. As a generalization of the classical approach, the multilevel modeling approach explicitly models the hierarchical structure in the data by considering both the within- and between-group variances leading to a partial pooling of data across all levels in the hierarchy. The modeling framework provides means for incorporating variables at different spatiotemporal scales. The examples used in this paper illustrate the iterative process of model fitting and evaluation, a process that can lead to improved understanding of the system being studied.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
On the application of multilevel modeling in environmental and ecological studies
Series title:
Ecology
DOI:
10.1890/09-1043.1
Volume:
91
Issue:
2
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Publisher:
Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s):
North Carolina Water Science Center
Description:
7 p.
First page:
355
Last page:
361