Meat and bone meal and mineral feed additives may increase the risk of oral prion disease transmission

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

Ingestion of prion-contaminated materials is postulated to be a primary route of prion disease transmission. Binding of prions to soil (micro)particles dramatically enhances peroral disease transmission relative to unbound prions, and it was hypothesized that micrometer-sized particles present in other consumed materials may affect prion disease transmission via the oral route of exposure. Small, insoluble particles are present in many substances, including soil, human foods, pharmaceuticals, and animal feeds. It is known that meat and bone meal (MBM), a feed additive believed responsible for the spread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), contains particles smaller than 20 ??m and that the pathogenic prion protein binds to MBM. The potentiation of disease transmission via the oral route by exposure to MBM or three micrometer-sized mineral feed additives was determined. Data showed that when the disease agent was bound to any of the tested materials, the penetrance of disease was increased compared to unbound prions. Our data suggest that in feed or other prion-contaminated substances consumed by animals or, potentially, humans, the addition of MBM or the presence of microparticles could heighten risks of prion disease acquisition. Copyright ?? 2011 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Meat and bone meal and mineral feed additives may increase the risk of oral prion disease transmission
Series title Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A
DOI 10.1080/15287394.2011.529066
Volume 74
Issue 2-4
Year Published 2011
Language English
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A
First page 161
Last page 166