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Using occupancy models to understand the distribution of an amphibian pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Ecological Applications

By:
ORCID iD , ORCID iD , , ORCID iD , , ORCID iD , ORCID iD , , , , , and
https://doi.org/10.1890/08-2319.1

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Abstract

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is a fungal pathogen that is receiving attention around the world for its role in amphibian declines. Study of its occurrence patterns is hampered by false negatives: the failure to detect the pathogen when it is present. Occupancy models are a useful but currently underutilized tool for analyzing detection data when the probability of detecting a species is <1. We use occupancy models to evaluate hypotheses concerning the occurrence and prevalence of B. dendrobatidis and discuss how this application differs from a conventional occupancy approach. We found that the probability of detecting the pathogen, conditional on presence of the pathogen in the anuran population, was related to amphibian development stage, day of the year, elevation, and human activities. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was found throughout our study area but was only estimated to occur in 53.4% of 78 populations of native amphibians and 66.4% of 40 populations of nonnative Rana catesbeiana tested. We found little evidence to support any spatial hypotheses concerning the probability that the pathogen occurs in a population, but did find evidence of some taxonomic variation. We discuss the interpretation of occupancy model parameters, when, unlike a conventional occupancy application, the number of potential samples or observations is finite.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Using occupancy models to understand the distribution of an amphibian pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
Series title:
Ecological Applications
DOI:
10.1890/08-2319.1
Volume:
20
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Publisher:
Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s):
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
14 p.
First page:
289
Last page:
302
Country:
United States
State:
California, Oregon
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N