Black swans, wicked problems, and science during crises

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Oceanic resources face challenges that are significant and widespread, including (but not limited to) overharvesting, climate change, selected stock collapse, coral reef decline, species extinction, pollution, and more. These challenges are the focus of much ocean science, which is helping to inform policy and guide management actions. The steady growth of research results and the emergence of new research needs have been systematically reviewed through periodic assessments, such as those of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (Valdés et al., 2010).
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Black swans, wicked problems, and science during crises
Series title Oceanography
DOI 10.5670/oceanog.2011.89
Volume 24
Issue 3
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Oceanography Society
Publisher location Rockville, MD
Description 3 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Oceanography
First page 318
Last page 320
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