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Tree die-off in response to global change-type drought: Mortality insights from a decade of plant water potential measurements

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

By:
, , , , , ORCID iD , , and
https://doi.org/10.1890/080016

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Abstract

Global climate change is projected to produce warmer, longer, and more frequent droughts, referred to here as “global change-type droughts”, which have the potential to trigger widespread tree die-off. However, drought-induced tree mortality cannot be predicted with confidence, because long-term field observations of plant water stress prior to, and culminating in, mortality are rare, precluding the development and testing of mechanisms. Here, we document plant water stress in two widely distributed, co-occurring species, piñon pine (Pinus edulis) and juniper (Juniperus monosperma), over more than a decade, leading up to regional-scale die-off of piñon pine trees in response to global change-related drought. Piñon leaf water potentials remained substantially below their zero carbon assimilation point for at least 10 months prior to dying, in contrast to those of juniper, which rarely dropped below their zero-assimilation point. These data suggest that piñon mortality was driven by protracted water stress, leading to carbon starvation and associated increases in susceptibility to other disturbances (eg bark beetles), a finding that should help to improve predictions of mortality during drought.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Tree die-off in response to global change-type drought: Mortality insights from a decade of plant water potential measurements
Series title:
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
DOI:
10.1890/080016
Volume:
7
Issue:
4
Year Published:
2009
Language:
English
Publisher:
Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s):
Fort Collins Science Center
Description:
5 p.
First page:
185
Last page:
189