Waste-indicator and pharmaceutical compounds in landfill-leachate-affected ground water near Elkhart, Indiana, 2000-2002

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
By: , and 

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Abstract

Four wells downgradient from a landfill near Elkhart, Indiana were sampled during 2000–2002 to evaluate the presence of waste-indicator and pharmaceutical compounds in landfill-leachate-affected ground water. Compounds detected in leachate-affected ground water included detergent metabolites (p-nonylphenol, nonylphenol monoethoxylate, nonylphenol diethoxylate, and octylphenol monoethoxylate), plasticizers (ethanol-2-butoxy-phosphate and diethylphthalate), a plastic monomer (bisphenol A), disinfectants (1,4-dichlorobenzene and triclosan), an antioxidant (5-methyl-1H-benzotriazole), three fire-retardant compounds (tributylphosphate and tri(2-chloroethyl)phosphate, and tri(dichlorisopropyl)phosphate), and several pharmaceuticals and metabolites (acetaminophen, caffeine, cotinine, 1,7-dimethylxanthine, fluoxetine, and ibuprofen). Acetaminophen, caffeine, and cotinine detections confirm prior indications of pharmaceutical and nicotinate disposal in the landfill.


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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Waste-indicator and pharmaceutical compounds in landfill-leachate-affected ground water near Elkhart, Indiana, 2000-2002
Series title Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
DOI 10.1007/s00128-009-9702-z
Volume 82
Issue 6
Year Published 2009
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Indiana Water Science Center, Toxic Substances Hydrology Program
Description 7 p.
First page 653
Last page 659
Country United States
State Indiana
County Elkhart
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N