Bat ecology and public health surveillance for rabies in an urbanizing region of Colorado

Urban Ecosystems
By: , and 



We describe use of Fort Collins, Colorado, and nearby areas by bats in 2001–2005, and link patterns in bat ecology with concurrent public health surveillance for rabies. Our analyses are based on evaluation of summary statistics, and information-theoretic support for results of simple logistic regression. Based on captures in mist nets, the city bat fauna differed from that of the adjacent mountains, and was dominated by big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Species, age, and sex composition of bats submitted for rabies testing locally and along the urbanizing Front Range Corridor were similar to those of the mist-net captures and reflected the annual cycle of reproduction and activity of big brown bats. Few submissions occurred November- March, when these bats hibernated elsewhere. In summer females roosted in buildings in colonies and dominated health samples; fledging of young corresponded to a summer peak in health submissions with no increase in rabies prevalence. Roosting ecology of big brown bats in buildings was similar to that reported for natural sites, including colony size, roost-switching behavior, fidelity to roosts in a small area, and attributes important for roost selection. Attrition in roosts occurred from structural modifications of buildings to exclude colonies by citizens, but without major effects on long-term bat reproduction or survival. Bats foraged in areas set aside for nature conservation. A pattern of lower diversity in urban bat communities with dominance by big brown bats may occur widely in the USA, and is consistent with national public health records for rabies surveillance.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Bat ecology and public health surveillance for rabies in an urbanizing region of Colorado
Series title Urban Ecosystems
DOI 10.1007/s11252-011-0182-7
Volume 14
Issue 4
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Springer Link
Description 33 p.
First page 665
Last page 697
Country United States
State Colorado
Other Geospatial Fort Collins
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details