The Woodrow Wilson Bridge on I-495 over the Potomac River in Prince Georges County, Maryland is being replaced. Physical local scour model studies for the proposed piers for the new bridge were performed in order to help establish design scour depths. Tests were conducted in two different flumes, one in the USGS-BRD Conte Research Center in Turners Falls, Massachusetts and one in the FHWA Turner Fairbanks Laboratory in McLean, Virginia. Due to space limitations in this publication only the tests conducted in the USGS flume are presented in this paper. Two different pier designs were tested. One of the piers was also tested with two different diameter dolphin systems. Copyright ASCE 2004.