Links between type E botulism outbreaks, lake levels, and surface water temperatures in Lake Michigan, 1963-2008

Journal of Great Lakes Research
By: , and 

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Abstract

Relationships between large-scale environmental factors and the incidence of type E avian botulism outbreaks in Lake Michigan were examined from 1963 to 2008. Avian botulism outbreaks most frequently occurred in years with low mean annual water levels, and lake levels were significantly lower in outbreak years than in non-outbreak years. Mean surface water temperatures in northern Lake Michigan during the period when type E outbreaks tend to occur (July through September) were significantly higher in outbreak years than in non-outbreak years. Trends in fish populations did not strongly correlate with botulism outbreaks, although botulism outbreaks in the 1960s coincided with high alewife abundance, and recent botulism outbreaks coincided with rapidly increasing round goby abundance. Botulism outbreaks occurred cyclically, and the frequency of outbreaks did not increase over the period of record. Climate change scenarios for the Great Lakes predict lower water levels and warmer water temperatures. As a consequence, the frequency and magnitude of type E botulism outbreaks in the Great Lakes may increase.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Links between type E botulism outbreaks, lake levels, and surface water temperatures in Lake Michigan, 1963-2008
Series title Journal of Great Lakes Research
DOI 10.1016/j.jglr.2010.10.003
Volume 37
Issue 1
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher International Association for Great Lakes Research
Publisher location Ann Arbor, MI
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description 6 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Great Lakes Research
First page 86
Last page 91
Country United States
Other Geospatial Lake Michigan
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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