A hierarchical spatial framework and database for the national river fish habitat condition assessment

Fisheries
By: , and 

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Abstract

Fisheries management programs, such as the National Fish Habitat Action Plan (NFHAP), urgently need a nationwide spatial framework and database for health assessment and policy development to protect and improve riverine systems. To meet this need, we developed a spatial framework and database using National Hydrography Dataset Plus (I-.100,000-scale); http://www.horizon-systems.com/nhdplus). This framework uses interconfluence river reaches and their local and network catchments as fundamental spatial river units and a series of ecological and political spatial descriptors as hierarchy structures to allow users to extract or analyze information at spatial scales that they define. This database consists of variables describing channel characteristics, network position/connectivity, climate, elevation, gradient, and size. It contains a series of catchment-natural and human-induced factors that are known to influence river characteristics. Our framework and database assembles all river reaches and their descriptors in one place for the first time for the conterminous United States. This framework and database provides users with the capability of adding data, conducting analyses, developing management scenarios and regulation, and tracking management progresses at a variety of spatial scales. This database provides the essential data needs for achieving the objectives of NFHAP and other management programs. The downloadable beta version database is available at http://ec2-184-73-40-15.compute-1.amazonaws.com/nfhap/main/.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title A hierarchical spatial framework and database for the national river fish habitat condition assessment
Series title Fisheries
DOI 10.1080/03632415.2011.607075
Volume 36
Issue 9
Year Published 2011
Language English; Spanish
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Publisher location Philadelphia, PA
Contributing office(s) National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center, National Climate Adaptation Science Center
Description 14 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Fisheries
First page 436
Last page 449