Holocene record of precipitation seasonality from lake calcite δ18O in the central Rocky Mountains, United States

Geology
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Abstract

A context for recent hydroclimatic extremes and variability is provided by a ~10 k.y. sediment carbonate oxygen isotope (??18O) record at 5-100 yr resolution from Bison Lake, 3255 m above sea level, in northwestern Colorado (United States). Winter precipitation is the primary water source for the alpine headwater lake in the Upper Colorado River Basin and lake water ??18O measurements reflect seasonal variations in precipitation ??18O. Holocene lake water ??18O variations are inferred from endogenic sedimentary calcite ??18O based on comparisons with historic watershed discharge records and tree-ring reconstructions. Drought periods (i.e., drier winters and/or a more rain-dominated seasonal precipitation balance) generally correspond with higher calcite ??18O values, and vice-versa. Early to middle Holocene ??18O values are higher, implying a rain-dominated seasonal precipitation balance. Lower, more variable ??18O values after ca. 3500 yr ago indicate a snow-dominated but more seasonally variable precipitation balance. The middle to late Holocene ??18O record corresponds with records of El Ni??o Southern Oscillation intensification that supports a teleconnection between Rocky Mountain climate and North Pacific sea-surface temperatures at decade to century time scales. ?? 2011 Geological Society of America.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Holocene record of precipitation seasonality from lake calcite δ18O in the central Rocky Mountains, United States
Series title Geology
DOI 10.1130/G31575.1
Volume 39
Issue 3
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Geological Society of America
Description 4 p.
First page 211
Last page 214
Country United States
State Colorado
Other Geospatial Bison Lake
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N