Nest success of northern bobwhite on managed and unmanaged landscapes in southeast Iowa

Journal of Wildlife Management
By: , and 



Range‐wide declines in northern bobwhite populations (Colinus virginianus) have been attributed to concomitant loss of breeding habitat. Bobwhite management efforts to restore this habitat resource can be informed by empirical studies of associations between breeding success and multi‐scale habitat attributes. We compared bobwhite nest success in 2 southern Iowa landscapes as a function of microhabitat and landscape composition. Lake Sugema Fish and Wildlife Area (LSWA) was managed to promote bobwhite recruitment, and Harrisburg Township (HT) was an adjacent landscape dominated by private agricultural production. Survival rate modeling based on telemetry data provided evidence for age‐specific daily nest survival rate. Daily survival rates decreased as nest age increased, but the decline was more severe at HT. Nest survival at LSWA (S = 0.495, SE = 0.103) was nearly twice that on HT (S = 0.277, SE = 0.072). We found no evidence that habitat composition or spatial attributes within 210 m of a nest site significantly influenced nest success. Forb canopy at the nest site had a positive influence on nest success at HT but not at LSWA. We suggest nesting habitat with greater forb canopy cover will increase the opportunity for nesting success in landscapes with limited nesting habitat. 

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Nest success of northern bobwhite on managed and unmanaged landscapes in southeast Iowa
Series title Journal of Wildlife Management
DOI 10.1002/jwmg.18
Volume 75
Issue 1
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher The Wildlife Society
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 6 p.
First page 46
Last page 51
Country United States
State Iowa
County Van Buren County
Other Geospatial Harrisburg Township, Lake Sugema Fish and Wildlife Area
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