Digital processing of array seismic recordings

Crustal Studies Technical Letter 2
In cooperation with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
By:  and 



This technical letter contains a brief review of the operations which are involved in digital processing of array seismic recordings by the methods of velocity filtering, summation, cross-multiplication and integration, and by combinations of these operations (the "UK Method" and multiple correlation). Examples are presented of analyses by the several techniques on array recordings which were obtained by the U.S. Geological Survey during chemical and nuclear explosions in the western United States. Seismograms are synthesized using actual noise and Pn-signal recordings, such that the signal-to-noise ratio, onset time and velocity of the signal are predetermined for the synthetic record. These records are then analyzed by summation, cross-multiplication, multiple correlation and the UK technique, and the results are compared. For all of the examples presented, analysis by the non-linear techniques of multiple correlation and cross-multiplication of the traces on an array recording are preferred to analyses by the linear operations involved in summation and the UK Method.
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Unnumbered Series
Title Digital processing of array seismic recordings
Series title Crustal Studies Technical Letter
Series number 2
DOI 10.3133/70039126
Year Published 1962
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Earthquake Science Center
Description 32 p.
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) Y
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