Coseismic slip distribution of the February 27, 2010 Mw 8.9 Maule, Chile earthquake

Geophysical Research Letters
By: , and 

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Abstract

[1] Static offsets produced by the February 27, 2010 Mw = 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake as measured by GPS and InSAR constrain coseismic slip along a section of the Andean megathrust of dimensions 650 km (in length) × 180 km (in width). GPS data have been collected from both campaign and continuous sites sampling both the near-field and far field. ALOS/PALSAR data from several ascending and descending tracks constrain the near-field crustal deformation. Inversions of the geodetic data for distributed slip on the megathrust reveal a pronounced slip maximum of order 15 m at ∼15–25 km depth on the megathrust offshore Lloca, indicating that seismic slip was greatest north of the epicenter of the bilaterally propagating rupture. A secondary slip maximum appears at depth ∼25 km on the megathrust just west of Concepción. Coseismic slip is negligible below 35 km depth. Estimates of the seismic moment based on different datasets and modeling approaches vary from 1.8 to 2.6 × 1022 N m. Our study is the first to model the static displacement field using a layered spherical Earth model, allowing us to incorporate both near-field and far-field static displacements in a consistent manner. The obtained seismic moment of 1.97 × 1022 N m, corresponding to a moment magnitude of 8.8, is similar to that obtained by previous seismic and geodetic inversions.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Coseismic slip distribution of the February 27, 2010 Mw 8.9 Maule, Chile earthquake
Series title Geophysical Research Letters
DOI 10.1029/2011GL047065
Volume 38
Issue 9
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Earthquake Science Center
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Geophysical Research Letters
Country Chile