This report documents the construction and calibration of a digital model for the simulation of hydrologic conditions in the Chicot and Evangeline aquifers in the Houston area of southeastern Texas. The model is a five-layer finite-difference model, with a grid pattern of 63 x 67 nodes representing an area of 27,000 square miles, for simulation of three- dimensional ground-water flow. The hydrologic properties and processes modeled were ground-water withdrawals, transmissivities, storage coefficients of the aquifers and clays, quantity of water derived from storage in the clays, and vertical hydraulic conductivity and vertical leakage. The model, which simulates water-level declines, changes in storage in the clay layers, and land-surface subsidence, was calibrated by use of historical records from 1890 to 1975. It is very sensitive to variations in transmissivities and to variations in water-table and artesian storage. It is less sensitive to variations in clay storage.
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A digital model for simulation of ground-water hydrology in the Houston area, Texas