Radionuclides in surface and groundwater




Unique among all the contaminants that adversely affect surface and water quality, radioactive compounds pose a double threat from both toxicity and damaging radiation. The extreme energy potential of many of these materials makes them both useful and toxic. The unique properties of radioactive materials make them invaluable for medical, weapons, and energy applications. However, mining, production, use, and disposal of these compounds provide potential pathways for their release into the environment, posing a risk to both humans and wildlife. This chapter discusses the sources, uses, and regulation of radioactive compounds in the United States, biogeochemical processes that control mobility in the environment, examples of radionuclide contamination, and current work related to contaminated site remediation.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Radionuclides in surface and groundwater
Year Published 2009
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Branch of Regional Research-Western Region
Description 24 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Handbook of Water Purity and Quality
First page 213
Last page 236
Country United States