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Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)

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Abstract

Researchers collect species occurrence data, records of an organism at a particular time in a particular place, as a primary or ancillary function of many biological field investigations. Presently, these data reside in numerous distributed systems and formats (including publications) and are consequently not being used to their full potential. As a step toward addressing this challenge, the Core Science Analytics and Synthesis (CSAS) program of the US Geological Survey (USGS) has developed Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON), an integrated resource for biological occurrence data from the United States. BISON leverages the accumulated human and infrastructural resources of the long-term USGS investment in research and information management and delivery. CSAS is also the U.S. Node of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), an international, government-initiated and funded effort focused on making biodiversity data freely available for scientific research, conservation and sustainable development. BISON was initiated in 2013 with the 110 million records GBIF makes available from the U.S. and is integrating millions more records from other sources each year. As of February, 2018, BISON contained 381,625,460 records (350,644,627 of which are georeferenced) for 427,123 taxa from 416 data providers with 2,124 datasets.

Additional publication details

Publication type Dataset
Publication Subtype Database-nonspatial
Title Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Contributing office(s) Core Science Analytics and Synthesis
Online Only (Y/N) Y