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Statewide summary for Florida: Chapter L in Emergent wetlands status and trends in the northern Gulf of Mexico: 1950-2010

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Abstract

Throughout the past century, emergent wetlands have been declining across the Gulf of Mexico. Emergent wetland ecosystems provide a multitude of resources, including plant and wildlife habitat, commercial and recreational economic activity, and natural barriers against storms. As emergent wetland losses increase, so does the need for information on the causes and effects of this loss; emergent wetland mapping, monitoring, and restoration efforts; and education. This report provides scientists, managers, and citizens with valuable baseline information on the status and trends of emergent wetlands along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The Statewide Summary for Florida provides status and trends information for Florida using what data is available during the 1950-2010 time period.

The State of Florida (Figure 1) is approximately 151,670 km2 (58,560 mi2 ) large with an average elevation of 30.5 m (100 ft) (Dahl, 2005). The Florida gulf coast stretches approximately 1,000 km (621 miles) from the Alabama State line to the Dry Tortugas in the Florida Keys (Handley et al., 2007). The climate varies along the coast, ranging from temperate continental in the panhandle to oceanic subtropical in the Keys. Due to this climatic gradient, the Gulf coast of Florida is divisible into two ecoregions, the Louisianian in the north along the panhandle, and the West Indian in the south along the length of the peninsula (Bailey 1978). The Lousianian ecoregion extends from Cedar Key north and west along the panhandle to the Alabama state line. It is characterized by extensive emergent coastal wetlands, temperate fauna, small tidal ranges (

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
Other Government Series
Title:
Statewide summary for Florida: Chapter L in Emergent wetlands status and trends in the northern Gulf of Mexico: 1950-2010
Chapter:
L
Year Published:
2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Contributing office(s):
National Wetlands Research Center
Description:
11 p.
Larger Work Type:
Report
Larger Work Subtype:
Other Government Series
Larger Work Title:
Emergent wetlands status and trends in the northern Gulf of Mexico: 1950-2010
Conference Title:
2013 Gulf of Mexico Alliance (GOMA) All Hands Meeting
Conference Location:
Tampa, FL
Conference Date:
June 25-27, 2013
Country:
United States
State:
Florida