Ground water and climate change

Nature Climate Change
By: , and 



As the world's largest distributed store of fresh water, ground water plays a central part in sustaining ecosystems and enabling human adaptation to climate variability and change. The strategic importance of ground water for global water and food security will probably intensify under climate change as more frequent and intense climate extremes (droughts and floods) increase variability in precipitation, soil moisture and surface water. Here we critically review recent research assessing the impacts of climate on ground water through natural and human-induced processes as well as through groundwater-driven feedbacks on the climate system. Furthermore, we examine the possible opportunities and challenges of using and sustaining groundwater resources in climate adaptation strategies, and highlight the lack of groundwater observations, which, at present, limits our understanding of the dynamic relationship between ground water and climate.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Ground water and climate change
Series title Nature Climate Change
DOI 10.1038/NCLIMATE1744
Volume 3
Year Published 2012
Language English
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Contributing office(s) National Research Program - Eastern Branch
Description 8 p.
First page 322
Last page 329
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional metadata about this publication, not found in other parts of the page is in this table